**HEURISTIC METHOD INTRODUCTION**

The word ‘Heuristic’ has been derived from the Greek word ‘Heurisco’ which means ‘I find’ or ‘I discover’ . This method implies that the attitude of students shall be that of the discoveries and not of passive recipients of knowledge.

**originally introduced this method for learning of science. This method emphasis experimentation as the teacher becomes on looker and the child tries to move a head independently without any help. This method makes the student self-reliant and independent. But the teacher should develop the heuristic attitude by making a lot of preparation. The question should be so planned that it may be possible for the students to find the solution independently by proceeding in the proper direction.***Armstrong*

*DEFINITION*
According to H.E.Armstrong, “This is the method of teaching which places the pupils as far as possible in the attitude of a discoverer.”

According to westaway, “the heuristic method is intended to provide training in method. Knowledge is a secondary consideration altogether.

**Example 1:**

The population of a city is 50,000. The rate of growth in population is 4% p.a. what will be the population after 2 years?

Teacher : what we have to find out in the given question

Student : population after two years.

Teacher : how can we find it?

Student : first we find the population after 1 year.

Teacher : what is the growth of every year?

Student : rate of growth is 4% p.a.

Teacher : what will be the population in the end of first year?

Student : population after 1 year = 50000 + 50000x 4/100

= 50000 + 2000 = 52000

Teacher : what will be the base population for second year?

Student : the base population of second year is 52000.

Teacher : how can we find the growth?

Student : the growth of second year = 52000 x 4 /100 = 2080

Teacher : what will population after two years?

Student : population after two years = 52000 + 2080 = 54080

**Example 2:**

Prove that a

^{0}= 1
Teacher : what is 10/5?

Student : 2

Teacher : what is 5/5?

Student : 1

Teacher : what is 7/7?

Student : 1

Teacher : what is a/a ?

Student : 1

Teacher : what is a

^{m}/a^{m}?
Student : 1.

*Equation I*
Teacher : how do you get the result?

Student : if we divide a number by itself , we will get 1.

Teacher : how can you write a

^{m}X 1/a^{m }?
Student : a

^{m-m }= a^{0 }*Equation II*
Teacher : what do you infer?

Student : a

^{0 }= 1

*Merits*
Ø This is a psychological method as the student learns by self-practice.

Ø It creates clear understanding

Ø It is a meaningful learning

Ø The student learns by doing so there is a little scope of forgetting

Ø It develops self-confidence, self-discipline in the students

Ø The students acquire command of the subject. He has clear understand and notions of the subject.

Ø It gives the student a sense of confidence and achievement.

Ø The methods make them exact and bring them closer to truth.

Ø It inculcates in the student the interest for the subject and also develops willingness in them.

*Demerits:*
Ø It is not suitable for lower classes as they are not independent thinkers. Discovery of a thing needs hard work, patience, concentration, reasoning and thinking powers and creative abilities.

Ø It is very slow method. That is time consuming method.

Ø It is lengthy.

Ø The students have to spend a lot of time to find out minor results.

Ø The teacher may find it difficult to finish the syllabus in time.

Ø It does not suit larger classes.

Ø It suits only hard working and original thinking teachers.

Ø A method is successful if well-equipped libraries, laboratories and good textbook written in heuristic lines but such facilities are lacking in our school.

**Conclusion**

Quite interesting

ReplyDeleteVery nice info. I usualy use this word only in web development. Like this: https://www.cleveroad.com/blog/the-elements-of-user-experience-as-a-way-to-become-trustworthy-in-customers--minds

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