Friday, May 20, 2011

Module 6: Comparision of Analytic and Synthetic Method

COMPARISON OF ANALYTIC AND SYNTHETIC METHODS
ANALYTIC METHOD
SYNTHETIC METHOD
Meaning:
Analysis means breaking up into components
Meaning:
Synthesis means combining the elements to get something new.
Leads from:
v  Unknown to known
v  Conclusion to hypothesis
v  Abstract to concrete
v  Complex to simple
Leads from:
v  Known to unknown
v  Hypothesis to conclusion
v  Concrete to abstract
v  Simple to complex
Method:
v  A method of discovery and thought
v  A psychological method
Method:
v  A method for the presentation of discovered facts.
v  A logical method
Time:
Lengthy, laborious and time consuming
Time:
Short, concise and elegant.
Sequence:
Valid reasons to justify every step in the sequence.
Sequence:
No justification for every step in the sequence.
Learning:
Encourages meaningful learning.
Learning:
Encourages rote learning
Easy to rediscover
Once forgotten not easy to recall
Encourages:
Encourages originality of thinking and reasoning
Encourages:
Encourages memory work
Learning:
Informal and disorganized
Learning:
Formal, systematic ad orderly
Thinking:
Process of thinking
Thinking:
Product of thinking
Participation:
Active participation of the learner
Participation:
Learner is a passive listener


          Though both analytic and synthetic method seems to oppose each other, they complement and support each other. Analysis leads to synthesis and synthesis makes the purpose of analysis clear and complete. The teacher while teaching can use analytic methods and can encourage the student to present them in the synthetic method. Ie. Analysis forms the beginning and synthesis follow up work.

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