COMPARISON OF ANALYTIC AND SYNTHETIC METHODS
Analysis means breaking up into components
Synthesis means combining the elements to get something new.
v Unknown to known
v Conclusion to hypothesis
v Abstract to concrete
v Complex to simple
v Known to unknown
v Hypothesis to conclusion
v Concrete to abstract
v Simple to complex
v A method of discovery and thought
v A psychological method
v A method for the presentation of discovered facts.
v A logical method
Lengthy, laborious and time consuming
Short, concise and elegant.
Valid reasons to justify every step in the sequence.
No justification for every step in the sequence.
Encourages meaningful learning.
Encourages rote learning
Easy to rediscover
Once forgotten not easy to recall
Encourages originality of thinking and reasoning
Encourages memory work
Informal and disorganized
Formal, systematic ad orderly
Process of thinking
Product of thinking
Active participation of the learner
Learner is a passive listener
Though both analytic and synthetic method seems to oppose each other, they complement and support each other. Analysis leads to synthesis and synthesis makes the purpose of analysis clear and complete. The teacher while teaching can use analytic methods and can encourage the student to present them in the synthetic method. Ie. Analysis forms the beginning and synthesis follow up work.