Particular to general
Concrete to abstract
General to particular
Abstract to concrete
A psychological method
A method of discovery and stimulates intellectual powers
An unpsychological method
A method of presentation and does not develop originality and creativity.
Emphasis is on reasoning.
Encourages meaningful learning
Emphasis is on memory
Encourages rote learning.
Most suitable for initial stages of learning
Suitable for practice and application
Suitable for lower classes
Most suitable for higher classes
Enhances active participation of the students
Makes the student passive recipient of knowledge
Lengthy, time consuming and laborious
Short, concise and elegant
Facilitates discovery of rules and generalizations
Enhances speed, skill and efficiency in solving problems
Induction and deduction are not opposite modes of thought. There can be no induction without deduction and no deduction without induction. Inductive approach is a method for establishing rules and generalization and deriving formulae, whereas deductive approach is a method of applying the deduced results and for improving skill and efficiency in solving problems. Hence a combination of both inductive and deductive approach is known as “inducto-deductive approach” is most effective for realizing the desired goals.